Phytochemicals and Metabolites as Antimicrobial Agents from Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh : A Review

  • Asad Ullah Jahangirnagar University
  • Sohana Hossain Jahangirnagar University
  • Bishajit Sarkar Jahangirnagar University
  • Mohammad Nafi-Ur-Rahman Jahangirnagar University
  • Shariful Islam Jahangirnagar University
Keywords: Antimicrobial, Bioactive compounds, Bangladesh, Medicinal plants, Phytochemicals, Secondary metabolites


Microbial infection and contamination have become major concern during last few decades. A vast array of microorganisms is responsible for devastating consequences like- human and other animal infection, food poisoning, resource contamination etc. Beyond this, antimicrobial resistance against many natural, synthetic and semi synthetic compounds has raised our concern about the possible way to get rid of such complication. All classes of people are not accessible to the commercially available antimicrobials due to their expensiveness. Moreover, commercially available antimicrobials are not preferable to everyone due to their toxicity and other side effects. Many phytochemicals and secondary metabolites from plants such as, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, essential oil, saponins have been shown to have in vitro antimicrobial activities with less toxicity and side effects. Many of these compounds are even effective against a range of resistant strains. Bangladesh is an agricultural country and tremendous variety of medicinal plants with antimicrobial property is available here. This study has been designed to find out the medicinal plants from Bangladesh with antimicrobial activity, their effective antimicrobial bioactive compounds and the range of microorganisms upon which these compounds are active. Hopefully, this study will raise research interest among researchers about the active antimicrobial agents from medicinal plants.

Author Biographies

Asad Ullah, Jahangirnagar University

Dept. of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering,
Jahangirnagar University,
Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Sohana Hossain, Jahangirnagar University

Dept. of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering,
Jahangirnagar University,
Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Bishajit Sarkar, Jahangirnagar University

Dept. of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering,
Jahangirnagar University,
Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Mohammad Nafi-Ur-Rahman, Jahangirnagar University

Dept. of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering,
Jahangirnagar University,
Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Shariful Islam, Jahangirnagar University

Dept. of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering,
Jahangirnagar University,
Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh


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How to Cite
Ullah, A., Hossain, S., Sarkar, B., Nafi-Ur-Rahman, M. and Islam, S. 2019. Phytochemicals and Metabolites as Antimicrobial Agents from Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh : A Review. PharmaTutor. 7, 6 (Jun. 2019), 1-11.