The Phytoconstituents and Pharmacological Actions of Ficus racemosa Linn (Family: Moraceae) - An updated review

  • Kajal V. Kosankar MVP Samaj College of Pharmacy
  • A N Aher MVP Samaj College of Pharmacy
Keywords: Umber, Traditional uses, Side effects, Ficus racemosa, Pharmacological uses, Microscopic characters, Phytoconstituents, Pharmacological Actions


Ficus racemosa it belongs to family Moraceae syn. Ficus glomerata Roxb. is the major group of angiosperm (flowering plant). They are widely distributed throughout Asia, Africa, America, Australia, Himalayan ranges, Punjab, Khasia Mountain, Bihar, Orissa, Rajasthan, Deccan, China, Indonesia and Malaysia. Udumber is used from ancient time for treating the many diseases. This tree is used traditionally for public health. It is also called yajnodumbara and grows all over the India at different areas. The common name is ‘Audumbar’ and ‘Umbar’ and used in Unani, Ayurveda and Homeopathy. The leaves tender are used in kalasha prokshana it is sprinkle water to different places from a scared copper mug and the bark is used in Homa. In review macroscopically studies, microscopically studies and chemical constituents are studied on different parts of the plant. Traditional uses and pharmacological uses are described, the extraction of leaves, fruit, stem, bark and latex are done due to this the important constituents are isolated in respective solvent like ethanol, methanol, acetone, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and water. The more information is described below and the people are moving towards ayurvedic preparations.

Author Biographies

Kajal V. Kosankar, MVP Samaj College of Pharmacy

MVP Samaj College of Pharmacy,
Gangapur road, Nashik, Maharashtra, India

A N Aher, MVP Samaj College of Pharmacy

MVP Samaj College of Pharmacy,
Gangapur road, Nashik, Maharashtra, India.


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How to Cite
Kosankar, K. and Aher, A.N. 2018. The Phytoconstituents and Pharmacological Actions of Ficus racemosa Linn (Family: Moraceae) - An updated review. PharmaTutor. 6, 12 (Dec. 2018), 55-63. DOI: